Quality of Life and Psychological Aspects

Aspects of psychological well-being and quality of life research

When Dr. Kiprono and colleagues from Tanzania evaluated vitiligo patients of African heritage using the Dermatology Life Quality Index, they discovered a modest reduction in quality of life (DLQI: International Journal of Dermatology 2013; 52: 191-4). Dr. Bilgic and colleagues investigated depression in children and adolescents with vitiligo in Turkey (see Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 2011; 36: 360-5).

They discovered a link between vitiligo and depression severity in children, but not in adolescents, and concluded that the location of the lesions is a crucial element that contributes to quality of life degradation, probably due to its impact on identity development. Researchers discovered that quality of life is significantly associated to patients’ fears about their disease, psychosocial adjustment, and psychiatric morbidity, rather than the clinical severity of the ailment itself, in Korean teenagers with vitiligo (Choi et al. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 2010; 24: 524-9).

The manner in which British Asian women cope with and adjust to vitiligo psychosocially, as well as the importance of ethnicity and culture in this process, have been studied (Thompson et al. British Journal of Dermatology 2010; 163: 481-6). Asian women mentioned how they felt obviously different and how they had all been stigmatized to some degree. There was a lot of avoidance and concealment going on. Experiences of stigmatization were frequently correlated with cultural values related to appearance, status, and misconceptions about the condition’s etiology.

The quality of life impairment caused by vitiligo, as measured by the DLQI, was equal to the impairment produced by psoriasis, according to Belgian researchers (Ongenae et al. British Journal of Dermatology 2005; 152: 1165-72). Sukan and Maner discovered that vitiligo has a negative impact on the sex life of women with vitiligo while doing study in Turkey (Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy 2007; 33: 55-64.).

 

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