Acrofacial Vitiligo is a type of Vitiligo that appears as milky white or light pink patches that appear in confined areas away from the body’s center.
What is Acrofacial Vitiligo?
When the white spots form predominantly on the face, hands, and feet, this is known as acrofacial Vitiligo. Acral is a Greek word that means “hands and feet.” Because acrofacial vitiligo affects the face and hands more frequently than other kinds of vitiligo, such as global, lip-tip vitiligo, generalized, or mucosal vitiligo, it is more common.
Signs and Symptoms of Acrofacial Vitiligo
Acrofacial vitiligo is a kind of non-segmental vitiligo that usually begins on the toes and fingers. Non-segmental vitiligo accounts for up to 90% of instances, in which the early patches are symmetrical and the progression is slower than if they were confined in one area of the body. This type of vitiligo has patches that are evenly distributed on both sides of the body and have a striking symmetry.
Though acrofacial vitiligo only causes white patches to emerge, persons who have it are more prone to get sunburned, lose color in the internal lining of their nose and mouth, premature graying of beard, eyelashes, scalp, and eyebrows, hearing loss, and vision issues. Vitiligo patients are more likely to develop autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, Addison’s disease, pernicious anemia, thyroid illness, and others.
Treating Acrofacial Vitiligo
Medication — To assist repigment the skin and prevent inflammation or other side effects caused by the disorder, doctors and practitioners typically prescribe oral medications and topical lotions.
UVB phototherapy, or exposure to ultraviolet B lamps, is the most prevalent form of light therapy. When used in conjunction with other treatments, it has shown to be useful in the treatment of vitiligo. To repigment white spots, another approach is to employ light therapy with psoralen, a plant-based chemical.
Depigmentation – When vitiligo is widespread and other therapies aren’t working, depigmentation is done. To achieve an equal appearance, the unaffected parts of the skin are lightened with a depigmenting chemical.
Skin grafting is the most common surgical treatment for acrofacial vitiligo. This procedure involves removing portions of healthy skin and using them to fill little white areas on the hands or face. Another comparable technique is blister grafting.
Topical application of skin tanners and makeup is the safest approach if vitiligo is in its early stages, and other techniques should be avoided. Some people hide their affected areas with tattoos. Some home remedies, dietary adjustments, and lifestyle changes can also help to improve the look of patches and the disorder’s indications and symptoms.
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