Mixed Vitiligo

Mixed vitiligo is a rare type because it is a mixture between both segmental and nonsegmental. This variety is distinguished by a few scattered white spots on the trunk and scalp, and it is most common in people with dark complexion. The vitiligo spots may be limited to a few regions in certain persons.  Mixed vitiligo shows symptoms of both nonsegmental and segmental.

 

What is Mixed Vitiligo?

Mixed vitiligo is defined as the presence of a distinct segmental involvement that is usually followed by the appearance of bilateral vitiligo patches. The relationship between segmental vitiligo and vitiligo/nonsegmental vitiligo implies a continuity between the two previously opposing categories. A segment resistant to phototherapy in a patient previously diagnosed with vitiligo/nonsegmental is a common form of disclosure. In segmental vitiligo, halo nevi and leukotrichia at first consultation are risk factors for segmental vitiligo progression to mixed vitiligo. Furthermore, if the section is initially located on the trunk, the development from segmental vitiligo to mixed vitiligo has a stronger relationship. In the case of mixed vitiligo, a combination of somatic mosaicism and immunological dysregulation could explain the segmental vitiligo-vitiligo/nonsegmental vitiligo continuum.

Signs and Symptoms of Mixed Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a condition in which your natural skin color is lost. This is known as “depigmentation” or “loss of pigment” by your dermatologist. Pigment loss can occur anywhere on the body, including:

  • Eyes
  • Mouth (inside)
  • Skin
  • Hair (scalp, eyebrow, eyelash, beard)
  • Genitals

Vitiligo causes most people to lose pigment in their skin. Skin that has been impacted may brighten or turn entirely white. Many people have no other warning signs or symptoms.

Vitiligo-affected skin is said to itch or be uncomfortable by very few persons.

Vitiligo can induce a variety of symptoms, including low self-esteem and persistent despair. Regardless of the degree of color loss or the type of vitiligo, this can occur.

Treating Mixed Vitiligo

When someone has vitiligo some treatments that can be useful includes:

  • Topical therapies , like as steroid creams, can help restore pigment in some cases.
  • To inhibit the spread of white spots, light therapy using UVA or UVB light are utilized.
  • Pigmented skin is transplanted onto white regions during surgery.
  • Depigmentation lotions, which bleach the unaffected areas to match the white spots over a period of months.
  • Complementary and natural therapies
  • For a temporary cosmetic repair, camouflaging lotions that matched closely to the unaffected parts were used.

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