Universal vitiligo refers to a condition in which the majority of the skin’s pigment has been lost as vitiligo has spread throughout the body; this term is usually reserved for cases in which at least 80% of the skin has been affected. Perhaps most crucially, segmental vitiligo can affect only one side of your body and persist in a small area.
What is Universal Vitiligo?
Universal vitiligo is a rare form of vitiligo in which white, milky lesions cover more than 80% of the skin surface. It is distinguished by the widespread dispersion of vitiligo patches throughout the body, leaving only isolated islands of normal pigmentation.
Vitiligo is a condition that causes full depigmentation of the skin, mucosa, and hair. Because this type of vitiligo is at the extreme end of the vitiligo spectrum. A high prevalence of comorbidity exemplifies this.
Signs and Symptoms of Universal Vitiligo
One or more pigmented patches may persist in people with universal vitiligo, most typically in the malar area of the face and the dorsal parts of the forearms.
Treating Universal Vitiligo
People with universal vitiligo may have one or more pigmented patches that persist, most commonly across the malar area of the face and the dorsal sections of the forearms. Because total repigmentation may not occur even after 150 sessions of PUVA therapy, these patients are more interested in depigmentation therapy to attain a more uniform skin tone.
In patients with universal vitiligo, 1-3 treatments of cryotherapy (at 4-6-week intervals) with a closed contact CO2 cryogun can be used to try to remove the remaining pigmented spots.
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